沒藥（英語：myrrh）又稱末藥，是沒藥樹（學名：Commiphora myrrha）或阿比西尼亞沒藥樹（學名：Commiphora habessinica）的樹脂，常見於古代阿拉伯及東非一帶。索馬里與索馬里蘭出產的沒藥主要來自前者，阿拉伯半島的也門出產的則以後者為主。經過炮製的沒藥稱為制沒藥，未經炮製的則稱為生沒藥。
Myrrh, also known as “末藥” in Chinese, is a resin obtained from the myrrh tree (Commiphora myrrha) or the Abyssinian myrrh tree (Commiphora habessinica), which is commonly found in ancient Arabia and East Africa. Somalia and Somaliland are major producers of myrrh, mainly from the former, while Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula produces more of the latter. Processed myrrh is called “制沒藥” in Chinese, while raw myrrh is called “生沒藥”.
The yellow-white oily sap from the myrrh tree dries into red myrrh, which is a high-grade medicinal herb used for promoting blood circulation, reducing swelling, relieving pain, and aiding digestion. In the East, myrrh is widely used and believed to be helpful for circulatory problems, neurological disorders, and rheumatic diseases. In the Old Testament of the Bible, myrrh was used to make ointments and applied to wounds to promote healing. In the New Testament, one of the three wise men brought myrrh as a gift to Christ, symbolizing the brevity of life, as it was commonly used for embalming bodies at that time.
Myrrh is also used to make perfumes, preservatives, and painkillers. In Hebrew culture, myrrh is made into various perfumes and fragrances. The myrrh tree is a fragrant shrub or tree that exudes aromatic resin, which can be used to make perfumes and fragrances. In ancient Egypt, people burned myrrh to worship their gods and used it to embalm bodies. Jewish people also used myrrh to anoint bodies and regarded it as a precious spice. Myrrh has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, which may be helpful for digestive problems, ulcers, asthma, and sore throats, but excessive use may have safety concerns. Myrrh also has a special aroma that can calm the mind and is used as an essential oil or aromatherapy to relieve tension, calm and relax the nerves. In Western medicine, myrrh is commonly used as a general pain reliever for minor injuries or as a skin disinfectant ointment for minor abrasions, and is used as a preservative in mouthwash and toothpaste.